Muslim Minority in Yogyakarta: Between Social Relationship and Religious Motivation

Idi Warsah, Yusron Masduki, Imron Imron, Mirzon Daheri, Ruly Morganna

Abstract


This study aimed to investigate the relationship between minority Muslim families and those of non-Muslims in Banjarasri, Kalibawang, Kulon Progo Yogyakarta; and to find out the religious diversity motivation of the Muslim families. This study used descriptive qualitative method by applying a phenomenological approach. The data were garnered using observation and interview. This study revealed that the acculturation of arts, cultures, and social community made Muslim families and non-Muslim families live side by side. The religious motivation of Muslim minority for the sake of maintaining their faith rested upon both extrinsic and intrinsic motivations. Extrinsically, it could be seen from the strong influence of the mosque administrators, the power of various religious activities to enhance religious awareness, and the solid cohesiveness of the group to strengthen as well as protect religious motivation. Intrinsically, the religious motivation of Muslims in Banjarsari was basically the effect of self-awareness by reasons of their minor position, so that such motivation yielded strong inner capacity from each Muslim family to revive and get more deeply into Islam.

Keywords


Social relationship; religious motivation; muslim minority.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aryani, S. A. (2017). Healthy-minded religious phenomenon in shalawatan: a study on the three majelis shalawat in Java. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 7(1), 1–30. https://doi.org/10.18326/ijims.v7i1.1-30

Azra, A. (2008). Mukaddimah. Jakarta: Gatra Special Edition.

Baron, R., & Byrne, D. (1979). Social Psycology: Understand Human Interaction. Boston: Allyn and Bacon, Inc.

Brathwaite, R., & Park, B. (2019). Measurement and Conceptual Approaches to Religious Violence: The Use of Natural Language Processing to Generate Religious Violence Event-Data. Politics and Religion, 12, 81–122.

Brown, E. M. (2016). Persecutions in Muslim-Majority Countries. Journal of Ecumenical Studies, 51(2), 198–209.

Brown, L. C. (2010). Fiqh Minoritas Fiqh al-Aqalliyat dan Evolusi Maqasid al-Syari’ah dari Konsep ke Pendekatan. In A. I. Mawardi (Ed.). Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. (1995). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Djamarah, S. B. (2002). Prestasi Belajar dan Kompetensi Guru. Surabaya: Usaha Nasional.

Esposito, J. L. (2002). Ensiklopedi Oxford Dunia Islam Modern (2nd ed.). Bandung: Mizan.

Fiske, A. P. (1992). The Four Elementary Forms of Sociality: Framework for a Unified Theory of Social Relations. Psychological Review, 99.

Fleischmann, F., & Phalet, K. (2016). Identity Conflict or Compatibility: A Comparison of Muslim Minorities in Five European Cities. Political Psychology, 37(4), 447–463.

Fox, J., & Akbaba, Y. (2015). Securitization of Islam and Religious Discrimination: Religious Minorities in Western Democracies, 1990–2008. Comparative European Politics, 13(2), 175–197.

Geetz, C. (2011). Agama Jawa: Abangan, Santri, dan Priyayi dalam Kebudayaan Jawa. Jakarta: Komunitas Bambu.

Grolier. (1993). Encyclopedia of Knowledge, Volume 13. Conecticut: Grolier Incorporated Danbury.

Haddad, Y. Y., & Smith, J. I. (2002). Introduction. In Y. Y. Haddad & J. Idemen-Smith (Eds.), Muslim Minorities in the West visible and invisible. Walnut Greek, California: Atamira Press.

Ḥarran, T. al-S. A. (2007). Ḥadhir al-‘Alam al-Islami. Riyad: Maktabah Rusyd.

Jensen, S. V. (2016). Institutional Governance of Minority Religious Practices: Insights from a Study of Muslim Practices in Danish Schools. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 42(3), 418–436.

Kanas, A., & Martinovic, B. (2017). Political Action in Conflict and Non-Conflict Regions in Indonesia: The Role of Religious and National Identifications. Political Psychology, 38(2), 209–225.

Lawrence, N. W. (2004). Metodologi Penelitian Sosial: Pendekatan Kualitatif dan Kuantitatif”: Trans. Edina T. Sofia (7th ed.). Jakarta: PT. Indeks.

Martin, R., Hewstone, M., Martin, P., & Gardikiotis, A. (2008). Persuasion from Majority and Minority Groups. In W. Crano & R. Prislin (Eds.), Attitudes and Persuasion (pp. 361--‐384). Hove, E. Sussex: Psychology Press.

Mawardi, A. I. (2010). Fiqh Minoritas Fiqh al-Aqalliyat dan Evolusi MaqaṢid al-Syari’ah dari Konsep ke Pendekatan. Yogyakarta: LKIS.

Mohamed, B. (2019). New Estimates Show U.S. Muslim Population Continues to Grow. Retrieved from https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2018/01/03/new-estimates-show-u-s-muslim-population-continues-to-grow/.

Mu’ti, A., & Burhani, A. N. (2019). The limits of religious freedom in Indonesia: with reference to the first pillar Ketuhanan Yang MahaEsa of Pancasila. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 9(1), 111–134. https://doi.org/10.18326/ijims.v9i1. 111-134.

Muhammad, J. al-D. A. (2001). Nahwa Taf’il MaqhaṢid al-Syari’ah. ‘Aman: al-Ma’had al-‘Alami li al-Fikr al-Islami.

Najati, M. U. (2005). Psikologi dalam al-Qur’an: Terapi Qur’ani dalam Penyembuhan Gangguan Kejiwaan, trans. Ahmad Rofi Usman. Bandung: Pustaka Setia.

Nieuwenhuijze, V. (1971). Sociology of the Midle East. Leiden: E. J. Brill.

Purwanto, H. B., & Agung, B. D. (2012). Pedibus Apostolorum: Jejak Langkah Missioner J.B. Prenntheler di Bukit Menoreh. Semarang: Uskup Keuskupan Agung Semarang.

Rahmat, J. (2015). Psikologi Komunikasi. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Saleh, A., & Wahab, M. A. (2004). Psikologi: Suatu Pengantar dalam Perspektif Islam. Jakarta: Frenada Media.

Sardiman, A. M. (2012). Interaksi dan Motivasi Belajar Mengajar. Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Sneath, R. (2017). Whose Children are They? A Transnational Minority Religious Sect and Schools as Sites of Conflict in Canada, 1890–1922. Paedagogica Historica, 53(1–2), 93–106.

Stephen Bullons, et. al. (1996). Collins Build Leaner’s Dictionery. London: Harper Collins Publisher.

Tim Penyusun Kamus Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa. (1993). Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Turner, B. S. (2012). Teori Sosial dari Klasik Sampai Post-Modern. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Weber, M., Henderson, A. M., & Parsons, T. (1947). The theory of social and economic organization. New York: Oxford University Press.

Wibisono, S. (2015). Psikologi Keberagaman: Memahami Dimensi Psikologis dalam Penghayatan Agama. Psikologika, 20(1), 63–77.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21043/qijis.v7i2.6873

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.